Maintaining good oral health helps you keep your teeth and gums strong and clean. Diet is an influential component in maintaining your oral health and hygiene and preventing cavities, bad breath, sores etc.
Common problems associated with oral health
- Tooth decay
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Dry mouth
- Sore throat
- Teeth discoloration
- Plaque formation, etc.
Nutrients essential for oral health
- Calcium: Calcium plays a very important role in development and strengthening of your teeth. Good intake of calcium can help prevent the loss of support for your teeth and maintain the structure of your teeth. Milk and milk products are rich sources of calcium. Green leafy vegetables, fish and nuts such as almonds, walnuts etc., are also good sources for calcium intake.
- Vitamin D: Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium. Adequate intake of vitamin D along with calcium will help strengthen teeth and will further delay the bone resorption. Sunlight, milk and milk products, fish, egg etc., are good sources of vitamin D.
- Fluoride: Fluoride is an important compound to maintain oral health as it helps strengthen the teeth and prevents their decay. It makes the enamel of the teeth more resistant to bacterial and the acidic action of food. Fluoride is present in natural water and foods such as meat, fish and eggs.
- Phosphorus: Maintaining adequate phosphorus helps in the normal development, maintenance, healing and repair of your teeth.
Tips to maintain healthy teeth and oral hygiene
- Develop a healthy habit of brushing twice a day. Avoid going to bed without brushing your teeth.
- Keep yourself well hydrated to prevent dry mouth, chelated lips and bad breath.
- Eat a well-balanced diet and avoid over intake of sugars, as they help develop cavities.
- Consume less of carbonated beverages as the acidity in them may lead to loss of enamel.
- Srilakshmi, B. (2002). Dietetics (Revised. New age international publication).
- Srilakshmi, B. (2002). Nutrition Science (Revised. New age international publication.
- Your Oral Health- Indian Dental Association
- Oral Health- WHO
- Oral Health- CDC